Knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that allows doctors to view the knee joint without making a large incision (cut) through the skin and other tissues. Arthroscopy is used to diagnose and treat a wide range of knee problems. Arthroscopy diagnoses various knee problems, such as a torn meniscus or a misaligned patella (kneecap). It can also be used for repairing of the ligaments of the joint.
During knee arthroscopy, the surgeon inserts a small camera, called an arthroscope into patient’s knee joint. The camera displays pictures on a video monitor, and your surgeon uses these images as a guide for miniature surgical instruments. An arthroscopy is a useful way for doctors to confirm the source of knee pain and treat the problem.
Arthroscopic surgery can diagnose and treat knee injuries, including:
When the camera is inserted, the accurate point where the pathology is to be diagnosed can be located and then after the puncture is made to introduce an ultra small instrument and it is manipulated while observing the magnified image on the display monitor.